|Staffan de Mistura|
Since the start of the proxy-war in Syria, the United Nations tried to end the violence. However, because of the geopolitical nature of the conflict, which made a Syrian-Syrian solution all but impossible, all attempts have failed and two UN envoys resigned. However, the rise of ISIL, the refugee crisis that threatened the EU, and the spread of terrorism beyond Syria and Iraq forced key states, especially the U.S. administration and the Russia government, to work together to bring an end to this devastating conflict. Previously, Russia and China have vetoed UNSC resolutions that absolved the rebels of any wrongdoing and targeted the Syrian government. However, after the successful Vienna meeting that brought together for the first time all key regional and global powers, the UNSC unanimously adopted resolution 2254. That step was built on other diplomatic initiatives and statements culminating in Geneva-3 Syria Talks now underway. To assist our audience in contextualizing these talks, we provide below key resolutions, statements, and documents that are to guide the #SyriaTalks.
- Geneva-1 Final communiqué of the Action Group for Syria; and the basis for Geneva-2 meeting
- JOINT STATEMENT: Final declaration on the results of the Syria Talks in Vienna as agreed by participants
- The Vienna Talks are the first serious attempt to end the war in Syria